Lyme disease is also known as Lyme borreliosis. The disease was first reported in Lyme, a city in Connecticut hence the name became synonymous with the disease since 1975. Lyme disease is a tick borne infectious disease caused by certain species of bacteria. In the US, it is known to be caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto while in Europe, the Borrelia afzelli and Borellia garinii are known to cause Lyme disease. Nymphs are popularly known as the carrier of these types of bacteria that can be transmitted on to humans.
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme disease symptoms are classified into several sections depending on the intensity of the infection and the time for which the infection gets to grow in the body in the absence of treatment. The most visible Lyme disease symptoms are at the place or area of the skin of the tick bite. Normally, one would develop some rashes in the affected area. Bulls eye rash pattern is the most commonly observed Lyme disease symptoms at the early stages. The rashes may get severe as one delay any Lyme disease treatment.
With time the rashes may be raised and one can develop Borrelial lymphocytoma. The latter looks like a red boil and can vary in shapes ranging from that of a small spot to a large pimple. Apart from the physically noticeable Lyme disease symptoms, in the early stages an infected person would have fever and associated headache is common. Depression and fatigue sets in quickly. These Lyme disease symptoms are more likely to stay for the first two weeks to a month of being infected with the bacteria.
If no Lyme disease treatment is opted for in the first few days or the first fortnight or so, one would start to suffer from joint aches, heart issues and nervous problems. One can start fainting abnormally at odd times, enhanced levels of anxiety and continued fatigue would also step in.
In any case, Lyme disease treatment must be commenced right after spotting the first symptoms since left untreated Lyme disease can lead to serious problems such as loss of memory, loss of hearing, cognitive dysfunction and dental problems. While joint pains and inflammations would get severe, the vital organs can be affected in the longer run.
There are quite a few Lyme disease treatment options however the best is to first get a detailed diagnosis done to completely understand the exact nature and intensity of the infection.